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Top 10 Hiking Destinations In Uganda

Top 10 Hiking Destinations In Uganda

Top 10 Hiking Destinations In Uganda

Top 10 Hiking Destinations In Uganda;

Mountain hiking meaning mountain climbing or mountain walking, refers to the activity of walking or trekking on trails and paths in mountainous regions. It involves ascending and descending slopes, traversing rugged terrain, and exploring the natural landscapes found in mountain areas. Mountain climbing can range from leisurely walks on well-marked trails to more challenging and strenuous climbs up steep slopes or high-altitude peaks.

Uganda, a country in East Africa, offers a diverse range of opportunities for mountain climbing and hiking enthusiasts. While it might not be as renowned as some other African countries for these activities, Uganda’s unique landscapes and challenging peaks provide exciting experiences for adventurers. Here are some notable places for mountain climbing  in Uganda:

Rwenzori Mountains

Top 10 Hiking Destinations In Uganda
Top 10 Hiking Destinations In Uganda

Also known as the “Mountains of the Moon, Top 10 Hiking Destinations In Uganda.  the Rwenzori Mountains offer some of the most challenging and rewarding climbing experiences in Africa. With snow-capped peaks, glaciers, and stunning alpine scenery, it’s a must-visit for experienced climbers.

Entrance fees To Rwenzori Mountains 

Entrance Fees for Mountain Rwenzori Trekking per day costs USD35 for foreign Non-residents, USD25 for foreign residents and UGX 150,000 for East African Citizens.

Attractions And Activities At Rwenzori Mountains

Apart from trekking and hiking Rwenzori mountains ,  Rwenzori  offers other attractions and activities for visitors. The mountain range is also famous for its beautiful waterfalls, such as the Mubuku and Nyamwamba Falls, which provide picturesque spots for photography and relaxation. Cultural encounters with the local Bakonzo people living in the foothills of the mountains offer a glimpse into their traditional way of life, including their unique architecture, music, and dances.

For nature lovers, the Rwenzori Mountains National Park is a haven for birdwatching, with over 177 bird species, including the Rwenzori turaco and Rwenzori batis. The park also houses various mammals, like the elusive Rwenzori duiker and chimpanzees. In summary, the Rwenzori Mountains offer an unforgettable experience, combining physical challenges with breathtaking landscapes and opportunities to appreciate both natural and cultural diversity

How To Access Rwenzori Mountains

Road Transport

To access Rwenzori Mountains from Kampala, Uganda’s capital city, there are a couple of common routes you can take. The Rwenzori Mountains are located in western Uganda near the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo. Here are two popular routes:

Kampala – Fort Portal – Kasese – Rwenzori Mountains

From Kampala, travel westward on the Kampala-Fort Portal Road. This road is well-paved and passes through scenic countryside. After reaching Fort Portal, continue on the Fort Portal-Kasese Road. This road will take you through beautiful tea plantations and rolling hills.

Once you reach Kasese, which is a town situated at the foothills of the Rwenzori Mountains, you can arrange transportation to the starting point of your chosen trek in the Rwenzori Mountains. Kasese is the main gateway to the Rwenzori Mountains, and there are several tour operators and guides available there to assist you.

Kampala – Mbarara – Bushenyi – Kasese – Rwenzori Mountains

From Kampala, take the Kampala-Masaka Road, heading southwest towards Masaka .In Masaka, continue on the road towards Mbarara. This is a major highway known as the Masaka-Mbarara Road. Once you reach Mbarara, take the Mbarara-Bushenyi Road. This road will lead you to the town of Bushenyi. From Bushenyi, you can continue on the road to Kasese, which is located at the base of the Rwenzori Mountains. Once in Kasese, you can make the necessary arrangements for your trek in the mountains.

Both of these routes are well-traveled and offer scenic views along the way. The total travel time from Kampala to Kasese can vary depending on traffic and road conditions, but it typically takes around 5-7 hours. It’s advisable to plan your journey in advance, ensure you have a reliable mode of transportation, and consider hiring a local guide or using the services of a tour operator for a smoother and more organized experience.

Air Transport

Getting To Rwenzori Mountains National Park, a scheduled chartered flight can be arranged from Entebbe International Airport to Kasese Airstrip, which is then followed by a 40 minutes drive to the Rwenzori mountains National Park.

Mount Elgon

Mount Elgon insurgency - Wikipedia

This extinct volcano on the Uganda-Kenya border offers excellent hiking opportunities with various trails suitable for different fitness levels. The summit, Wagagai Peak, stands at 4,321 meters and provides breathtaking views.

Entrance Fees to Mount Elgon

The entrance fee to Mount Elgon National Park is USD $25 per adult

Attractions And Activities In Mt Elgon

Mount Elgon offers a range of captivating attractions and activities that cater to nature enthusiasts, trekkers, and wildlife lovers alike. One of the main highlights is the Mount Elgon National Park, which boasts diverse ecosystems and stunning landscapes. Trekking to the summit is a popular activity, and unlike other more challenging peaks, Mount Elgon offers a relatively accessible climb.

The Sasa and Sipi trails are well-known routes that take trekkers through lush montane forests, bamboo zones, and enchanting moorlands. Along the way, hikers can marvel at the famous “Jackson’s Pool,” a stunning crater lake perched on the caldera’s edge. Besides trekking, the park also provides opportunities for birdwatching, with over 300 bird species recorded, including the endangered Lammergeier vulture and the unique Jackson’s francolin.

Beyond trekking, Mount Elgon’s fertile slopes offer a chance to explore the region’s rich agriculture. The lower slopes are dotted with picturesque villages and farms, and visitors can immerse themselves in the local culture and experience traditional farming practices. The Sipi Falls, a series of three magnificent waterfalls cascading down the mountain’s side, provides a breathtaking sight and a great spot for relaxation and photography.

For wildlife enthusiasts, the park is home to various animal species, including buffaloes, elephants, bushbucks, and primates such as blue monkeys and black-and-white colobus monkeys. Overall, Mount Elgon presents a captivating blend of natural beauty, adventure, and cultural encounters, making it a fantastic destination for those seeking an off-the-beaten-path experience in East Africa.

How To Access Mt Elgon

When visiting Mount Elgon the only way to access the place is by road from Kampala, the capital of Uganda to Mount Elgon. The journey to Mount Elgon is between 5 to 6 hrs. drive, which is from Kampala to Jinja, Burambuli and then Kapchorwa.

Mount Moroto

Located in the Karamoja region, Mount Moroto is an emerging hiking destination. The trek takes you through lush landscapes, traditional villages, and diverse wildlife, offering a unique and off-the-beaten-path experience.

How To Access Mount Moroto

The most common way to get to Mount Moroto is by road. Visitors can take a private car or a public taxi from Kampala, the capital city of Uganda, to Moroto town, which is the gateway to the mountain range. The journey takes approximately eight hours, depending on traffic and road conditions

Activities And Attractions In MT Moroto

Mount Moroto, located in the rugged Karamoja region of northeastern Uganda, offers a unique and off-the-beaten-path experience for adventurous travelers. The mountain itself provides an excellent opportunity for trekking and hiking, with its distinctive rocky formations and stunning panoramic views of the surrounding plains.

Treks can range from short day hikes to multi-day expeditions, allowing visitors to immerse themselves in the striking landscapes, encounter local wildlife, and experience the rich culture of the Karamojong people who call this region home.

Beyond trekking, Mount Moroto offers cultural attractions and activities that provide a deeper insight into the Karamojong way of life. Travelers can visit traditional Karamojong villages to learn about their unique customs, traditional dance, and craftsmanship.

Engaging with the locals and participating in community-led initiatives can offer a genuine and enriching cultural exchange. Additionally, birdwatchers will find the region fascinating, as the Karamoja area is known for its diverse birdlife, making it an excellent destination for birdwatching enthusiasts.

Overall, Mount Moroto presents a compelling blend of outdoor adventure, cultural discovery, and natural beauty that appeals to intrepid travelers seeking an authentic and lesser-explored experience in Uganda

Mount Sabinyo

Part of the Virunga Volcanoes, Mount Sabinyo is a challenging yet rewarding climb. Its name means “old man’s teeth” due to its serrated peaks, and it offers breathtaking views of Rwanda, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo from the summit.

How To Access Mount Sabinyo

Mount Sabinyo can be accessed by road from Kampala within 9 hours drive, the shortest way is to fly into Rwanda and then travel by car to Mgahinga national park in Uganda. Tourists will also be required to carry heavy clothing, raincoats, socks, garden gloves, insect repellents and sunscreens among the rest.

Attractions And Activities in Mt Sabinyo

Mount Sabinyo, part of the Virunga Mountains on the border of Rwanda, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, offers a range of attractions and activities for nature enthusiasts and adventure seekers alike. One of the main draws is the opportunity to hike to the summit, which is known as one of the challenging but rewarding hikes in the region.

The trek takes you through lush forests and bamboo zones, and as you ascend, you’ll cross international borders, with markers indicating the points where Rwanda, Uganda, and the DRC meet. At the summit, you’ll be treated to breathtaking views of the surrounding volcanoes and landscapes, making the effort truly worthwhile.

Another captivating attraction of Mount Sabinyo is the chance to encounter the endangered mountain gorillas. The mountain is home to a gorilla family that roams its slopes, and visitors can participate in guided gorilla trekking experiences led by park rangers. This unique opportunity allows you to observe these majestic creatures in their natural habitat, an experience that is both humbling and awe-inspiring.

Aside from hiking and gorilla trekking, the surrounding area offers opportunities for birdwatching, as the region is abundant in avian species, and cultural interactions with nearby communities, providing insights into the local culture and traditions of the people living around the mountain. Mount Sabinyo presents an unforgettable journey filled with adventure, wildlife encounters, and a connection to the stunning natural beauty of the Virunga Mountains.

Mount Mgahinga

4 Days Of Gorilla Tracking In Mgahinga Gorilla National Park, Chimpanzee Tracking - Kubwa Five Safaris

Also part of the Virunga Volcanoes, Mount Mgahinga is a relatively easier climb compared to its neighbors. The hike takes you through bamboo forests and unique vegetation, and it’s an excellent place for birdwatching.


Mgahinga is almost four hours’ drive from the main trailhead at Buhoma. Dirt roads from Buhoma pass the Ruhija trailhead to join the Kabale-Kisoro tarmac road. Mgahinga can also be reached by air using the daily flights from Entebbe International Airport to Kisoro airfield

Attractions And Activities In Mgahinga Mountain

Mgahinga Gorilla National Park, located in southwestern Uganda, is a biodiverse gem nestled in the Virunga Mountains. Its main attraction is the opportunity to trek and encounter the rare and endangered mountain gorillas in their natural habitat.

With only a few habituated gorilla families, visitors can engage in a thrilling and immersive experience as they observe these magnificent creatures up close, making it a highlight of any visit. Apart from gorilla trekking, the park offers other exciting activities such as golden monkey tracking, where visitors can witness the playful antics of these unique primates.

Additionally, the park boasts stunning landscapes and varied hiking trails, including the exhilarating climb to the peak of Mount Sabyinyo, a challenging but rewarding adventure offering breathtaking panoramic views of the surrounding region. Nature lovers will also appreciate the diverse birdlife and lush flora present in the park, making it an exceptional destination for wildlife enthusiasts and trekkers alike.

In summary, Mgahinga Gorilla National Park offers a once-in-a-lifetime chance to witness the endangered mountain gorillas in their natural habitat, as well as a range of other captivating activities like golden monkey tracking and hiking through awe-inspiring landscapes. Its combination of rare wildlife encounters and thrilling outdoor adventures makes it a unique and must-visit destination for nature lovers and adventure seekers alike.

Sipi Falls

Sipi Falls - Kubwa Five Safaris

Although not a traditional climbing destination, Sipi Falls near Mount Elgon offers fantastic hiking opportunities. The three-tiered waterfall is surrounded by lush greenery, making it a picturesque and enjoyable trek.

Entrance Fees

To visit Sipi falls, there is no amount of money charged for the entrance fee. As tourists, the only bills you get to incur is paying the tour guide (between 25,000-30,000 a day), transportation (a bus from Kampala costs USD 4-USD 7 and a private car hire costs range from USD 24- USD 35) and accommodation.


It takes 4-5 hours of driving from Kampala to reach Sipi Falls. The major highway used is the Kampala – Jinja highway which offers opportunities to see fascinating places like the Mabira forest and the river Nile among others. After Jinja, the journey continues to Iganga town before turning off to join the Tinyiri highway leading to Mbale. Alternatively, one can continue straight up to Tororo town and then to Mbale

Activities And Attractions At Sipi Falls

Sipi Falls, located in Eastern Uganda, is a breathtaking natural wonder that offers a range of exciting activities and attractions for visitors to enjoy. The main attraction is, of course, the stunning three-tiered waterfall that cascades down the slopes of Mount Elgon. The falls provide a captivating backdrop for hiking and trekking enthusiasts.

Adventurous travelers can embark on exhilarating hikes to reach the top of the falls, which offer mesmerizing panoramic views of the surrounding landscapes. Additionally, the area around Sipi Falls is renowned for its excellent rock climbing opportunities, with various routes available for climbers of all skill levels. The lush greenery and fertile slopes make it a perfect place for nature lovers and photographers, who can immerse themselves in the breathtaking scenery.

Moreover, Sipi Falls offers a unique cultural experience, as it is situated in the land of the Bagisu people. Tourists have the chance to interact with the friendly locals, learn about their traditions, and even participate in traditional ceremonies.

For those seeking a more leisurely experience, the nearby coffee plantations provide a serene setting to unwind and indulge in freshly brewed Ugandan coffee. Birdwatching is also a popular activity in the area, with numerous species of colorful birds to spot amidst the rich flora. Overall, Sipi Falls is a destination that blends natural beauty, adventure, culture, and relaxation, making it a must-visit location for travelers exploring the diverse wonders of Uganda.

Mount Muhavura

Mount Muhabura - Wikipedia

Also known as the “Mgahinga,” Mount Muhavura is the third peak in the Virunga Volcanoes range accessible from Uganda. The climb is more challenging than Mgahinga and Sabinyo but offers rewarding views of the surrounding volcanoes and landscape.

Entrance Fees

Foreign tourists: $80 USD per person. Foreign residents: $70 USD per person. Ugandan nationals: 50,000 UGX per person.


Mount Muhabura can easily be reached by car from both Uganda and Rwanda. From Kampala city in Uganda, one will need to drive for 8 hours to Kisoro through Kabale (510 Kilometers). Once you rich Kisoro, a taxi or local motorcycle can take you to the headquarters of Mgahinga National Park.
Activities And Attractions

Mount Muhabura, also known as “The Guide,” is a dormant volcano situated in the Virunga Mountains, which span across Uganda, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. This majestic peak offers a range of activities and attractions for outdoor enthusiasts and nature lovers alike. One of the most popular activities is hiking to the summit of Mount Muhabura.

While the hike is challenging, the reward is well worth it, as trekkers are greeted with breathtaking panoramic views of the surrounding landscapes, including other volcanoes in the Virunga range and the stunning vistas of nearby lakes and towns. The hike also provides an opportunity to encounter the region’s diverse flora and fauna, including various species of primates and rare mountain gorillas that inhabit the lower slopes.

Apart from hiking, Mount Muhabura is a haven for birdwatchers, with its forests harboring an array of avian species, including the endangered Rwenzori turaco and African green broadbill. For those interested in cultural experiences, the surrounding communities offer a chance to interact with the local Batwa pygmy people, who have a rich history and unique traditions to share.

Exploring the cultural heritage of these indigenous groups adds depth to the adventure and enriches the overall experience. Mount Muhabura, with its blend of challenging trekking, stunning vistas, diverse wildlife, and cultural encounters, promises an unforgettable adventure for all who seek to explore its heights.

Mount Kadam

Located in Eastern Uganda, Mount Kadam is an off-the-beaten-path destination. The hike takes you through remote villages and beautiful landscapes, offering a unique and authentic experience.

Activities And Attractions

Hiking and Trekking:

Mount Kadam provides excellent opportunities for hiking and trekking enthusiasts. The ascent to the summit can be challenging but is well worth the effort, as it offers stunning panoramic views of the surrounding plains and the Karamoja region. The diverse landscapes, from rocky outcrops to lush valleys, make for a picturesque journey.

Cultural Encounters

The region around Mount Kadam is inhabited by the Karamojong people, a fascinating ethnic group with rich traditions and a unique way of life. Visitors have the chance to engage with the local communities, learn about their customs, and experience their traditional dances, songs, and ceremonies. This cultural immersion adds a whole new dimension to the adventure and provides insights into the heritage of this vibrant community.

Wildlife and Birdwatching

Mount Kadam and its surrounding areas are home to a variety of wildlife, including antelopes, baboons, and occasional elephants. Birdwatchers will also delight in spotting numerous avian species that inhabit the region, including various birds of prey, ostriches, and the endemic Karamoja apalis.

Scenic Landscapes

The landscapes around Mount Kadam are diverse and breathtaking. From the mountain slopes to the vast plains of Karamoja, the scenery is unlike any other in Uganda. The raw beauty of the region makes it a fantastic destination for photographers and nature lovers seeking unspoiled vistas.

Mount Nampak

Another mountain in the Karamoja region, Mount Napak is a distinctive tabletop mountain with a flat summit. Hiking to the top rewards you with panoramic views of the surrounding plains.

Mount Napak is the third-highest mountain in Karamoja, with an elevation of 1,268 meters at its base and 2,530 meters at its summit
The following are the activities and attraction.

Hiking Mount Napak, Visit the Pian Upe wildlife reserve, Community Tours, Bird Watching at Mount Napak, Game viewing at Mount Napak.

What To Carry Wen Going For a Hike in Uganda

When going for a hike, it’s essential to be prepared and carry the right gear to ensure your safety, comfort, and enjoyment during the hike. Here’s a list of items you should consider taking with you:

Appropriate Footwear: Invest in a good pair of hiking boots or sturdy hiking shoes that provide ankle support and are comfortable for long walks on uneven terrain.

Weather-Appropriate Clothing Dress in layers, so you can adjust your clothing according to the weather. Bring moisture-wicking and quick-drying clothes to stay comfortable during your hike.

Navigation Tools: Carry a map and compass or a GPS device to help you navigate the trail, especially if you’re hiking in unfamiliar territory.

Hydration System: Bring plenty of water or a hydration bladder to stay hydrated throughout the hike, especially in hot weather.

Snacks and Food: Pack lightweight and energy-rich snacks like trail mix, energy bars, fruits, or sandwiches to keep your energy levels up during the hike. If it’s a long hike, consider bringing a packed lunch.

Sun Protection: Wear a hat, sunglasses, and apply sunscreen to protect yourself from the sun’s harmful rays.

First Aid Kit: Carry a basic first aid kit with bandages, antiseptic ointment, pain relievers, and any personal medications you may need.

Multi-Tool or Knife: A multi-tool or a small knife can be handy for various purposes during the hike.

Light Source: If you plan to hike in the evening or in low-light conditions, bring a flashlight or headlamp with extra batteries.

Whistle: A whistle can be a useful tool to signal for help if you get lost or need assistance.

Rain Gear: Depending on the weather forecast, bring a lightweight and packable rain jacket or poncho to stay dry in case of rain.

Frequently Asked Question

Is It Possible To Carry Out Hiking in Kampala?

hiking around Kampala is possible but rare. The best hike  near Central is Lake Victoria Loop via Berkeley Road, a 1.4 mile loop in Entebbe Botanical Gardens.